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今年全球石油日消耗量将减少860万桶

来源:,石油,模式,EIA,美国原油 编辑:财经洞察 浏览:13 发布:2020-11-18 08:02:35

中国石化新闻网讯 据全球能源新闻网11月14日报道,与疫情相关的经济活动减少导致了今年能源需求和供应模式的变化,并将在未来继续影响这些模式。

据美国能源情报署(EIA)估计,10月份全球日均消耗9530万桶石油和液体燃料。与2019年10月相比,液体燃料日消耗量下降了590万桶,但高于2020年第三季度的日均9410万桶/天和第二季度的日均8530万桶。EIA预测,今年全球石油和液体燃料的日均消费量将为9290万桶,较2019年将减少860万桶,2021年将增加590万桶。

EIA预计,由于新的钻井活动将不会产生足够的产量来弥补现有油井的下降,因此2021年第二季度美国原油日均总产量将降至1100万桶。 EIA预计2021年晚些时的钻井活动将增加,到2021年第四季度美国原油日产量将达到1,130万桶。按年均计算,美国原油产量将从2019年的1220万桶/日降至2020年的1140万桶/日和2021年的1110万桶/日。

2019年,美国69%的原油产量主要来自5个州。

2019年,美国前五大原油生产州及其占美国原油总产量的百分比分别为:

德州– 41.4%

北达科他州– 11.6%

新墨西哥州– 7.4%

俄克拉荷马州-4.7%

科罗拉多州– 4.2%

郝芬 译自 全球能源新闻网

原文如下:

WORLD OIL CONSUMPTION DOWN BY 8.6 MILLION BARRELS PER DAY IN 2020

Reduced economic activity related to the COVID-19 pandemic has caused changes in energy demand and supply patterns in 2020 and will continue to affect these patterns in the future.

EIA (US Energy Information Administration) estimates that an average of 95.3 million barrels per day (b/d) of petroleum and liquid fuels was consumed globally in October. Liquid fuels consumption was down 5.9 million b/d from October 2019, but it was up from both the third-quarter 2020 average of 94.1 million b/d and the second-quarter 2020 average of 85.3 million b/d. EIA forecasts that global consumption of petroleum and liquid fuels will average 92.9 million b/d for all of 2020, down by 8.6 million b/d from 2019, before increasing by 5.9 million b/d in 2021.

EIA expects U.S. crude oil production to generally decline to an average of 11.0 million b/d in the second quarter of 2021 because new drilling activity will not generate enough production to offset declines from existing wells. EIA expects drilling activity to rise later in 2021, contributing to U.S. crude oil production reaching 11.3 million b/d in the fourth quarter of 2021. On an annual average basis, EIA expects U.S. crude oil production to fall from 12.2 million b/d in 2019 to 11.4 million b/d in 2020 and 11.1 million b/d in 2021.

In 2019, about 69% of total U.S. crude oil production came from five states.

The top five crude oil-producing states and their percentage shares of total U.S. crude oil production in 2019 were:

? Texas – 41.4%

? North Dakota – 11.6%

? New Mexico – 7.4%

? Oklahoma – 4.7%

? Colorado – 4.2%

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